In this lesson we’re going to check “Perífrasis Verbales” (Verbal Periphrasis). “Perífrasis Verbales” are buildings of two or greater words that form an idea, however they sometimes don’t translate actually from Spanish to English. We use these phrases with the aid of conjugating a most important verb and following it with an infinitive verb. This would possibly sound complicated at the start but once we check a few examples it have to make a few greater sense. Lets dive immediately into it.
Pensar and Infinitive: approach making a plan.
“Pienso comprar un televisor nuevo cuando reciba mi próximo sueldo.” (I assume I’m going to buy a brand new TV after I obtain my subsequent revenue.)
Querer and Infinitive: indicates a choice.
“Queremos pasar un fin de semana juntos en la montaña.” (We want to spend a weekend together in the mountain.)
Poder and Infinitive: is used to specific a skills or to invite for permission.
Talent: “Christian es un buen mago, él puede hacer desaparecer un conejo.” (Christian is a superb magician, he could make a rabbit disappear.)
Permission: “Cuando suene el timbre, pueden salir al recreo.” (When the bell jewelry, you can move take a break.)
Preferir and Infinitive: to explicit a desire.
“Prefiero el café al té.” (I opt for drinking coffee to tea.)
Deber and Infinitive: is used to explicit an duty or to give recommendation.
Obligation: “Deben entregar las respuestas del examen mañana por los angeles tarde.” (You must provide the test answers the following day afternoon.)
To deliver recommendation: “Si vas a Argentina, debes visitar Bariloche.”(If you visit Argentina, you ought to go to Bariloche.)
Necesitar and Infinitive: suggests necessity.
“Necesito encontrar mis anteojos.” (I need to find my glasses.)
Saber and Infinitive: to specific to know the way to do something well.
“Mi marido sabe cocinar.” (My husband knows a way to prepare dinner.)
Tener que and Infinitive: is to explicit a personal duty.
“Anoche tuve que trabajar.” (Last night I needed to paintings.)
Tratar de and Infinitive: to attempt to do some thing.
“Trato de hablar español cuando puedo.” (I attempt to speak Spanish when I can.)
Dejar de and Infinitive: is used to express the finishing of an motion.
“Ana dejó de fumar hace 3 meses.” (Ana stopped smoking 3 months in the past.)
Hay que and Infinitive: is impersonal or general recommendation.
“Hay que tomar 2 litros de agua por día.” (You need to drink 2 liters of water according to day.)
Acabar de and Infinitive: to finish doing some thing or to have finished an action these days.
To finish: “Cuando acabe de cenar voy a salir.” (When I end ingesting dinner i’m going to go out.)
Action completed lately: “No tengo hambre. Acabo de cenar.” (I’m no longer hungry. I just ate dinner.)
Empezar a and Infinitive: to start doing some thing.
“Empecé a trabajar a los 17 años” (I started working after I was 17 years vintage.)
Ir a + Infinitive: to do some thing inside the future.
“Vamos a casarnos en agosto” (We are going to get married in August.)
Hopefully this newsletter will offer you with some extra vocabulary to speak extra fluently. If you may comprise some of those phrases into your day by day vocabulary, you will already be at the direction to speakme more evidently since those “Periphrasis” are very not unusual in Spanish!
Anna Rivera is a local Spanish speaker from Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is also a Spanish instructor and the author of 2 getting to know Spanish books. If you would love to get FREE instantaneous down load get entry to to the MP3 audio and PDF transcripts to her Spanish instructions certainly free AND examine her critiques of the most popular learning-Spanish products,